This week I have been working on learning about the basic elements of jazz. This article was extremely helpful for me. There are four main parts of a jazz tune, bass, harmony, melody, and improvisation. This article repeated a lot of what I already know. For example, it said that the bass line will anchor the whole piece. This is true in every genre of music. Bass lines are used as a center of tonality and rhythmic support.
Jazz Advice had a great article about the basics of improvisation. As I have said before, improvisation is something I struggle with in many areas music, not only jazz. I learned about the four elements of improvisation, which are sound, time and articulation, ear training, and technique. From what I understood about sound, I believe it your own personal flare when you improvise, or something that makes your improvisation recognizable. The articulation used when improvising is important, your notes need to be clear and understood. I believe that this is also true in any genre, sometimes if the articulation is not clear, the notes will come across as being muddled or out of tune. Your sense or time is important. There is a difference between syncopation and having unclear rhythms. It is also important not to rush or slow down while improvising.
The ear training that the article talks about is something that many musicians do without necessarily thinking about it. As the article says, you may come up with a wonderful solo in your head, but to transfer that to singing or your instrument is another story. When you think of that line, you need to be able to hear the intervals between the notes in order for you to play or sing it. The technique that a soloist is using is important. Something that can help any musicians is knowing your scales and chords. If you know the chord progressions of the song, it can be easier to choose the notes you play. It helps to know what makes the most sense harmonically.